Steps to mark the parts of a sentence
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To mark sentences properly
all prepositional phrases in parenthesis. Prepositional phrases start with
a preposition (we memorized 49 in a poem) and end with a noun (person,
place, thing, idea). Write “prep” over the preposition and “OP” over the
the verb twice. The verb is the word that shows action plus any helpers:
is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been, have, has, had, do, does, did,
could, should, would, may, might, must, can, will, shall.
there is no action in a sentence, the verb is either linking or showing
existence. If the verb is linking, it will connect a word in the predicate
(the verb side of a sentence) to the subject. Write “LV” over the linking verb. Common
linking verbs include is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been, look,
appear, smell, taste, sound, feel, seem, grow, remain, stay, and become.
the subject once. The subject is who does the action
DO over the direct object if there is one. Say the subject and the verb
together and ask “What?” The answer to your question will be the object
that receives the action from the verb (the direct object).
verbs do not have direct objects. The word connected to the subject by a
linking verb is called a linking verb complement (LVC). To find an LVC,
say the subject and verb together and ask “What?” The answer to your
question will be an LVC. (More specifically, nouns that are LVC’s are
called predicate nouns or predicate nominatives. Adjectives that are LVC’s
are called predicate adjectives. Instead of marking them “LVC,” they can
be marked “PN” or “PA.”)
IO over the indirect object if there is one. Look between the verb and the
direct object for who or what gets the direct object.
the adjectives. Adjective tell you more (modify) about nouns. They tell
you which one, what kind, how many, or whose.
the adverbs. Adverbs tell you more (modify) about verbs, adjectives, or
other adverbs. They tell when, where, how, how much.
“appos” over any appositives. Appositives are nouns (or pronouns) that
immediately follow another noun (or pronoun) and describe or rename the
noun (or pronoun) they follow. Appositives are most often in commas and
may be modified by adjectives.
“NA” over nouns of direct address. A nouns of direct address is the name
of the person being spoken to when that name is in the sentenced. It is
always set off by commas.